Validación de matrices alimentarias mediante ELISA Sándwich para el estudio de los parámetros analíticos de un kit de análisis de gluten en comidas


  • Pedro Benítez-Barquero Laboratorio Análisis alimentario y planta de producción Biomedal S.L. P.I. Parque Plata, C/ Calzada Romana, no40 41900 Camas - Sevilla
  • Alba Muñoz-Suano Universidad Pablo de Olavide (UPO). Carretera Utrera, km. 1,41013 Sevilla
  • Miguel Síglez Laboratorio Análisis alimentario y planta de producción Biomedal S.L. P.I. Parque Plata, C/ Calzada Romana, no40 41900 Camas - Sevilla

Palabras clave:

CD, gliadin, cross-contamination


Motivation: Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation in the epithelial layer of the
small bowel caused by exposure to gliadin, a protein of vegetal origin that resist to degradation by gastric secretion, intestinal
and pancreatic which produces an increased permeability in epithelial barrier of the small bowel allowing the entry of these
peptides through the intestinal barrier. Nowadays it is known as a process with a high worldwide prevalence, affecting
approximately 1-2% of the general population. Although it has a well-defined genetic basis, it can appear at any age of life,
both children and adults, with 20% of cases diagnosed in individuals over 60 years. Besides the high rate, of currently affected,
there are no drug treatments to fight this disease, the only solution is to follow a gluten-free diet lifelong, which is based on
eliminating foods whose composition, preparation or flavoring containing flour from cereals that contain gluten, mainly wheat,
oats and rye. Keep in mind that certain foods can not contain gluten directly, it is possible that during the production process
could have contact with it, which would make them unfit for consumption.
This kit represents a very useful tool for the detection of gluten in food by the technique known as ELISA, because it has a
high sensitivity thanks to the high affinity of the antibodies used for detection of antigen, in this case, gliadin. This study also
evaluated the specificity of this kit, making a study about the cases of cross-contamination in certain foods, that could have
traces of this toxic protein.
Methods: The validation is performed by an immunoadsorption technique called ELISA Sandwic, for which we use five
gluten-free samples of five different food matrixs, to which were added known amounts of pure gliadin that serve as reference
values for this study.
The parameters that we will use to demonstrate that the method is valid for the intended purpose are: accuracy, precision
repeatability and reproducibility, linearity, detection and quantification limits (precision), robustness, especificty and
Results: This project is in a phase of global evaluation of the kit, in which are being carried out relevant tests with the different
food matrices selected to analyze. Nowadays, It is premature to draw conclusions about the validity of this kit to be marketed.


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Cómo citar

Benítez-Barquero, P.; Muñoz-Suano, A.; Síglez, M. Validación De Matrices Alimentarias Mediante ELISA Sándwich Para El Estudio De Los parámetros analíticos De Un Kit De análisis De Gluten En Comidas. Bs 2016.