Medición de la pobreza: una revisión de los principales indicadores // Poverty measurement: reviewing the main indicators

  • Juana Domínguez Domínguez Departamento de Estadística, Estructura Económica y O.E.I. Universidad de Alcalá de Henares
  • Ana M. Martín Caraballo Departamento de Economía, Métodos Cuantitativos e Historia Económica Universidad Pablo de Olavide
Palabras clave: Pobreza, indicadores de pobreza, medidas de desigualdad, poverty, poverty indicatores, inequality measures

Resumen

En este trabajo se ha realizado una revisión de la literatura existente respecto a la medición de la pobreza. Se describe la evolución histórica que ha tenido el concepto de pobreza, así como los distintos umbrales o líneas de pobreza que se utilizan en los estudios de cuantificación de la pobreza. El lector puede ver, además, los principales indicadores de pobreza que diferentes autores han construido desde principios del siglo XX hasta nuestros días con la intención de cuantificar un fenómeno tan complejo como es el que constituyen la pobreza y la desigualdad.

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In this paper we carry out a revision of the literature according to the measure of poverty. We describe the historic evolution that the poverty has had. We also show the different kinds of poverty lines or thresholds that we can use to assess the very complex phenomenon of poverty. Finally, we show the poverty indicators that several authors have introduced through the beginning of the twentieth century in order to analyse poverty and inequalities.

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Publicado
2016-11-04
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