Revisión de la metodología empleada y resultados alcanzados en la investigación sobre actuación medioambiental de la empresa y rendimiento económico (1972-2009) // Review of Methodology and Results of Research on Environmental Management of the Firm and Economic Performance (1972-2009)

Autores/as

  • María Azucena Vicente Molina Departamento de Economía Financiera II, Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU)
  • Unai Tamayo Orbegozo Departamento de Economía Financiera II, Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU)
  • Julen Izaguirre Olaizola Departamento de Economía Financiera II, Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU)

Palabras clave:

Métodos cuantitativos, gestión medioambiental, resultado económico, evidencia empírica, quantitative methods, environmental performance, economic result, empirical evidence.

Resumen

La variable "medio ambiente" ha cobrado una creciente importancia en la gestión empresarial. Durante las dos últimas décadas la investigación empírica sobre la relación existente entre la actuación medioambiental de la empresa y su rendimiento económico ha sido uno de los temas recurrentes. No obstante, se detectan diversas lagunas en este ámbito de estudio, como la falta de conformación de un marco teórico y de una metodología de investigación fiable que permita contrastar y comparar los resultados obtenidos, al objeto de orientar adecuadamente a investigadores o decisores empresariales interesados por la gestión medioambiental. Así, la evidencia empírica sobre dicha relación presenta, a veces, resultados contradictorios. Por ello, el objetivo perseguido en este trabajo es doble. Por una parte, se realiza una profunda revisión de la literatura a fin de identificar y tratar de sistematizar el tipo de estudios realizados, las técnicas de análisis empleadas, los factores clave de dicha relación, las carencias de tales estudios, etc., identificando el signo predominante de la relación objeto de estudio. Por otra, se intenta fomentar la reflexión crítica sobre la investigación realizada y se plantean algunas sugerencias para futuras investigaciones.

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The 'environment' factor has become increasingly important in business management. The relationship between the environmental behavior of the company and its economic performance has been one of the recurring themes of research, especially in the last two decades. However, many gaps still exist in this field of study, such as the lack of a theoretical framework and a methodology that allow reliable research in order to empirically contrast and compare the results of the different studies. Thus, we found that the empirical evidence on this relationship sometimes presents contradictory results. Therefore, this work has two objectives. On the one hand, we review the existing literature in order to identify and systematize the type of studies, the analysis techniques, the key factors of such relationship, the shortcomings and limitations of these studies, etc. trying to throw some light on the sign of the target relation. On the other hand, we look for fostering critical reflection, and we make some suggestions for future research.

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Publicado

2016-11-04

Cómo citar

Vicente Molina, M. A., Tamayo Orbegozo, U., & Izaguirre Olaizola, J. (2016). Revisión de la metodología empleada y resultados alcanzados en la investigación sobre actuación medioambiental de la empresa y rendimiento económico (1972-2009) // Review of Methodology and Results of Research on Environmental Management of the Firm and Economic Performance (1972-2009). Revista De Métodos Cuantitativos Para La Economía Y La Empresa, 14, Páginas 5 a 35. Recuperado a partir de https://www.upo.es/revistas/index.php/RevMetCuant/article/view/2157

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