Economía artificial: una valoración crítica // Artificial Economics: A Critical Review

Segismundo S. Izquierdo, Luis R. Izquierdo, José M. Galán, José I. Santos


La economía artificial es uno de los métodos o enfoques de investigación para el estudio de sistemas socioeconómicos complejos con mayor crecimiento durante los últimos años. Este artículo presenta una visión crítica sobre sus características, su potencial y los riesgos relativos al uso de esta metodología. Para ello, encontramos útil relacionar y comparar a la economía artificial con la economía teórica más tradicional. Desde nuestro análisis, la economía teórica y la economía artificial comparten los mismos objetivos, presentan menos diferencias metodológicas de las que a primera vista pudiera parecer, y sus aproximaciones son sin duda complementarias.


Artificial Economics is one of the fastest growing approaches to analyse complex socio-economic systems. In this paper we present our views on the distinguishing features of Artificial Economics and on its relation with Theoretical Economics — the field that in our opinion lies closest to Artificial Economics. In this context, we discuss various reasons why conducting research on Artificial Economics may be worthwhile, and provide general guidelines on how to go about it. Our view is that Artificial Economics and Theoretical Economics share the same goals, do not differ conceptually as much as it is sometimes perceived, and their approaches are certainly complementary.

Palabras clave

economía artificial; economía computacional; economía computacional basada en agentes; artificial economics; computational economics; agent-based computational economics

Texto completo:



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