Estructuras productivas y desarrollo: el caso de la economía chilena // Productive Structures and Development: The Case of the Chilean Economy

Autores/as

  • Sergio Soza-Amigo Universidad Austral de Chile
  • Patricio Aroca Escuela de Negocios Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez

Palabras clave:

análisis input-output, encadenamientos, cambio estructural, input-output analysis, linkage, structural change

Resumen

Esta investigación se inicia con las siguientes interrogantes: ¿existe consistencia entre la identificación de desarrollo y la estructura económica que se posee?; ¿existen parecidos entre economías identificadas con distintos niveles de desarrollo?; y ¿existen economías no desarrolladas con la estructura de una que lo es? Para responder a ellas, se revisan las similitudes de tablas input-output obtenidas desde la OCDE (Mid90, Early00 y Mid00), para posteriormente tomar como caso de estudio a la economía chilena. Las similitudes y cambios se indagan, utilizando un índice de similitud estructural y, comparando sus encadenamientos, se establecen las relaciones que se forman en el proceso de desarrollo. Los resultados revelan que: los indicadores tradicionales son sólo referentes y no categóricos en sus identificaciones de desarrollo; las economías muestran importantes parecidos según su nivel de desarrollo; y existen similitudes estructurales entre economías desarrolladas y la chilena.

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This research begins with the following questions:  Is there consistency between the identification of development and the economic structure that is possessed?; are there similarities among economies identified with differences in their levels of development?; and, are there non-developed economies with the same structure as that of developed economies?  To answer these questions, similarities of input-output tables obtained from OECD (Mid90, Early00 and Mid00) are reviewed and then, a case study is performed on the Chilean economy. The similarities and changes are investigated by using a structural similarity index, and then by comparing correlations. The results show that: Traditional indicators can only be used as references and are non-categorical in their identification of development; the economies show significant similarities according to their level of development; and there exists significant structural similarities between developed economies and the economy of Chile.

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Biografía del autor/a

Sergio Soza-Amigo, Universidad Austral de Chile

Escuela de Ingeniaría Comercial,

Puerto Montt

Patricio Aroca, Escuela de Negocios Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez

Escuela de Negocios

Académico

Citas

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Publicado

2019-02-06

Cómo citar

Soza-Amigo, S., & Aroca, P. (2019). Estructuras productivas y desarrollo: el caso de la economía chilena // Productive Structures and Development: The Case of the Chilean Economy. Revista De Métodos Cuantitativos Para La Economía Y La Empresa, 26, Páginas 175 a 202. Recuperado a partir de https://www.upo.es/revistas/index.php/RevMetCuant/article/view/2541

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