Factores clave en el desarrollo de la capacidad emprendedora de estudiantes universitarios // Key Factors in the Development of Entrepreneurial Capacity of University Students

Autores/as

  • Mauricio Castillo-Vergara Departamento de Ingeniería Industrial. Universidad de La Serena http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3368-6497
  • Alejandro Álvarez-Marín Departamento de Ingeniería Industrial. Universidad de La Serena
  • Mauricio Alfaro-Castillo Departamento de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de La Serena, Chile.
  • Jorge Sánchez Henríquez Escuela de Auditoria e Ingeniería en Control de Gestión, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, Universidad de Talca, Chile.
  • Ignacio Pizarro Quezada Escuela de Auditoria e Ingeniería en Control de Gestión, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, Universidad de Talca, Chile.

Palabras clave:

emprendimiento, centros de Educación Superior, capacidad emprendedora, ecosistema emprendedor, ntrepreneurship, Higher Education centers, entrepreneurial capacity, entrepreneurial ecosystem

Resumen

Este estudio tiene como objetivo explorar los factores claves que pueden afectar la capacidad emprendedora en estudiantes de Centros de Educación Superior (CES). Una vez establecidos los factores, estos fueron agrupados en internos y externos a los CES, posteriormente el método AHP fue aplicado para determinar los pesos relativos de cada uno de los criterios a grupos de expertos pertenecientes a diversas disciplinas y países de Latinoamérica. Mediante el consenso de los expertos, los resultados indican que factores internos que en mayor medida influyen en el emprendimiento de sus estudiantes son “Espíritu Empresarial”, “Experiencia Laboral” y “Realización de cursos específicos” y, como factores externos, afectan en mayor medida “Las Redes”, “Amigos” y “Ámbito de desarrollo”. Los resultados del estudio pueden ser utilizados como referencia importante para los establecimientos de educación, para definir estrategias en base a estos factores, que ayuden a mejorar los ecosistemas al interior de sus centros, potenciando de manera efectiva la capacidad emprendedora de sus alumnos.

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This study aims to explore the key factors that may affect the entrepreneurial capacity of students of Higher Education Centers (CES). Once the factors were established, these were grouped into internal and external to the ESCs, then the AHP method was applied to determine the relative weights of each of the criteria to groups of experts belonging to different disciplines and Latin American countries. Through the consensus of the experts, the results indicate that internal factors that most influence the entrepreneurship of their students are "Entrepreneurial Spirit", "Work Experience" and "Performance of specific courses" and as external factors affect to a greater extent "The Networks", "Friends" and "Scope of development". The results of the study can be used as an important reference for educational establishments, to define strategies based on these factors, which help to improve ecosystems within their centers, effectively enhancing the entrepreneurial capacity of their students.

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Publicado

2018-06-30

Cómo citar

Castillo-Vergara, M., Álvarez-Marín, A., Alfaro-Castillo, M., Sánchez Henríquez, J., & Pizarro Quezada, I. (2018). Factores clave en el desarrollo de la capacidad emprendedora de estudiantes universitarios // Key Factors in the Development of Entrepreneurial Capacity of University Students. Revista De Métodos Cuantitativos Para La Economía Y La Empresa, 25, Páginas 111 a 129. Recuperado a partir de https://www.upo.es/revistas/index.php/RevMetCuant/article/view/2667

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