Análisis multinivel de cadenas de suministros: dos técnicas de resolución del efecto bullwhip // Supply Chain Multi-level Analysis: Two Bullwhip Dampening Approaches

Autores/as

  • Elena Ciancimino Tecnologia Meccanica, Produzione e Ingegneria Gestionale Università degli studi di Palermo
  • Salvatore Cannella Tecnologia Meccanica, Produzione e Ingegneria Gestionale Università degli studi di Palermo
  • José David Canca Ortiz Departamento de Organización Industrial y Gestión de Empresas Universidad de Sevilla
  • José Manuel Framiñán Torres Departamento de Organización Industrial y Gestión de Empresas Universidad de Sevilla

Palabras clave:

Multi-escalón, redes de empresas, gestión de la cadena de suministro, efecto bullwhip, efecto de Forrester, regla de abastecimiento amortiguado, gestión del inventario, APIOBPCS, condivisión de la información, EPOS, métricas de rendimiento

Resumen

El efecto bullwhip es un fenómeno causante de ineficiencias en la gestión de la cadena de suministros. El objetivo del presente artículo es analizar el impacto sobre el rendimiento de una cadena de suministro de dos de las técnicas más comunes de resolución del efecto bullwhip: la regla de pedido (S, R) amortiguada y la adopción de prácticas de colaboración. Para ello, se adopta un sistema de métricas con el objetivo de evaluar los efectos sobre los diferentes eslabones de la cadena. Estos efectos se miden en términos de la estabilidad de la orden de pedido y de los inventarios, de la robustez del sistema y de los beneficios para el cliente. Los resultados se analizan desde un punto de vista puramente técnico y desde el punto de vista de las implicaciones para las empresas.

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The bullwhip effect is a phenomenon that causes inefficiencies in supply chains. The aim of this paper is to investigate on the different impact on the performance of a supply chain of two bullwhip solving techniques: the (S, R) smoothing replenishment policy and collaboration practices. Performance is evaluated through a comprehensive set of metrics, aimed at assessing the order rate stability, the inventory stability, the robustness of the system and the customer service level. Results are analysed both from a technical perspective and from the managerial point of view.

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Publicado

2016-11-04

Cómo citar

Ciancimino, E., Cannella, S., Canca Ortiz, J. D., & Framiñán Torres, J. M. (2016). Análisis multinivel de cadenas de suministros: dos técnicas de resolución del efecto bullwhip // Supply Chain Multi-level Analysis: Two Bullwhip Dampening Approaches. Revista De Métodos Cuantitativos Para La Economía Y La Empresa, 8, Páginas 7 a 28. Recuperado a partir de https://www.upo.es/revistas/index.php/RevMetCuant/article/view/2127

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