Antonio Real Botija holds a Ph.D. in Early Modern History from the Universidad Pablo de Olavide in co-tutelle with the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (2018). His thesis was about the relation between the Crown and the first scriveners in the Philippines in the sixteenth century during the reign of Philip II within the framework of two processes: the need of men who mastered writing in an island enclave and far from other dominions of the Hispanic Monarchy and, on the other hand, the intervention of the Crown in venal office, especially in writing-related jobs, in the second half of the sixteenth century. He has contributed with several communications in national and international conferences, has realized reviews on the Hispanic period of the Philippines, and has published articles on the Hispanic Monarchy, writing, and scriveners. He has just published the book emerging from his doctoral work in albatros.

From August 2019, is «assegnista di ricerca» of the project Prestiti forzosi e crisi del debito sovrano in Europa, lead by professor Diego Sardone. The project aims to research forced loans in Spain and Italy in the Early Modern and Modern periods. The Castilian case of the Early Modern period focuses on studying the confiscation of precious metals of the West Indies Fleet that took place in Seville during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

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