The coordinated project “En los límites de la violencia (II): la larga sombra de las masacres modernas en contexto global” (HAR2017-82791-C2-2-P) is the second part of the project “En los límites de la violencia: masacre y proyección de la Monarquías Ibéricas en los siglos modernos”, which is, at the same time, the continuation of “Afinidad, violencia y representación: el impacto exterior de la Monarquía Hispánica”. All of them are and have been coordinated by the serie Hispanofilia.

This project analyzes extreme collective violence in frontier/border territories of the Hispanic Monarchy, in/through a connected and comparative perspective to the British empire’s frontiers. As we have been studying in-depth, massacres in the frontiers of the Hispanic Monarchy and its British vicinity were interconnected. Thus, for the first time in history, massacres are linked at a global level. Its study opens doors to recurrent social phenomena that we have called hegemonic nightmares. In this new phase, we seek to place the data obtained in a global context, including the comparison with other massacre episodes and extreme violent events in the same period (France, Africa, and India) to the analysis. This approach allows us to compare guidelines, connections, and divergences of our data with those of experts in these fields, allowing us to see the limits of the global applicability of the conclusions obtained in the original study place, the frontiers of the Hispanic and British monarchies.

On the other hand, this project will also focus on the (re)construction of societies where massacre episodes or continual extreme violence events took place. Thus, we seek to understand how the different relevant actors repaired its relations and managed the massacre consequences. It will be of great interest, in this line of work, to further explore the processes of dispossession, dehumanization, and racialization that have developed over the long term in connection with the profound effects of massacres. On this occasion, we will focus on the study of memory, analyzing how the experience of early modern massacres are remembered in modern societies and how they affect discourse and the current legal-political practice.

Through this new project and the deepening in the actors, processes, and consequences of early modern massacres, we hope not only to contribute to the strengthening of society towards future disasters through the study of prediction mechanisms and collective violence prevention but also to build a fairer and united society.

Director: Igor Pérez Tostado

Website of the project